Columbia University History
The Columbia University was in 1754 as King’s College under royal charter by King George II founded. It is the oldest high school in the State of New York and the fifth oldest in the United States. Columbia is one of the most prestigious universities in the world. In July 1754, the first lecture was held by Samuel Johnson (1696-1772) in a building with the Trinity Church was connected instead. It now houses the lower Broadway in Manhattan . The lecture was held to eight students. 1767 King’s College was permitted to give the first American medical school the doctor of medicine.
During the American Revolutionary War of 1776 was suspended from teaching for eight years. Were among the first students and trustees of King’s College, John Jay, first Chief Justice of the United States, Alexander Hamilton , the first Finance Minister of the United States and Robert R. Livingston, one of the five men that the Declaration of Independence drafted. In 1784, the College was opened again as Columbia College.
In 1849 the College moved from Park Place, near the present City Hall, in the 49th Street and Madison Avenue, where it remained for the next fifty years. During the last half of the nineteenth century took the Columbia College at the features of a modern university. The Law School was founded in 1858 and the first academic course in mining, as a predecessor to today’s Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science were held 1864th The Barnard College, which was originally reserved for women only, was affiliated with Columbia 1889th The Medical School was placed under the auspices of the University in 1891, followed by Teachers College 1893rd 1902, by the New York newspaper magnate Joseph Pulitzer donated a substantial sum to the University, a Department of Journalism set. 1912 opened the Graduate School of Journalism – the only journalism faculty of universities in the Ivy League. The school annually awards the Pulitzer Prize and the Dupont Award in broadcast journalism.
In 1928, the Columbia- Presbyterian Medical Center, the second campus of Columbia University in the Washington Heights opened (from the 165th to 168th Street, Riverside Drive to Audubon Avenue). The Columbia Business School was added in 1916, partly through the initiative of then-president of Chase Manhattan Bank, Alonzo Barton Hepburn.
The nuclear research by faculty members II Rabi , Enrico Fermi and Polycarp Kusch moved the physical faculty in the focus of world public opinion in the 1940s, after the first nuclear reactor was built and then the Manhattan Project had begun.
In the spring of 1968 were protesting students occupied five buildings for a week. They protested against the construction of a general gymnasium in Morningside Park, the presence of officers and government officials on campus to recruit fighters from Vietnam and against the university administration. The design for the sports hall had many students and local activists outraged, as the building should have a smaller entrance in the rear western part of the public. Since most people black in the area were the plans resembled the hated Jim Crow system, ie, the racial segregation in the South, where blacks occupy more and the rear seats in the buses and strictly segregated schools, parks, water fountains, restaurants, hotels and so on had to use. Arranged by the then University President Grayson Kirk, the occupation of the campus by the New York police force was completed. Kirk himself had to resign after the students had boycotted then the closing ceremony.
The star of the Columbia University declined between the 1970s and 1980s. During the 1990s, the university seized under President George Rupp, one of the top positions in the back row of the leading universities in the country.
The university is suffering greatly from the restrictions imposed by the urban New York. The university is currently planning, in the course of the next decade, the gradual terrain north of the present Morningside Heights campus and west of Broadway and buy it for the third campus of the University of rebuilding what had been some protests, but the population living in the environment result. 2007 was Mahmoud Ahmadinejad a controversial speech at the annual World Leaders Forum.