Although there are more and more people engaged in this sector, l Istat predicts that spending on research and development will mark a further decline in 2013. Fortunately, in the meantime, the European Council gets the go-ahead to the Horizon 2020, a funding program by 77 billion over seven years: the first calls for the funds will be launched soon, the next December 11 .

A breath of fresh air for Italy, which tends to invest less and less in the future, especially in central and southern. He holds, however, the North: according to Istat data updated to 2011 (the most recent), compared to the previous year, in this country’s spending in R & D grew by 2.3 per cent in the western and 1, 9 per cent in Eastern Europe. It is, however, a decrease in central Italy (-1.4 percent), and records no change in the South. Another bad sign is that it decreases also the incidence rate of expenditure on R & D in gross domestic product (GDP), which drops from 1, 26 per cent in 2010 to 1.25 percent in 2011.

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According to Istat estimates, in 2013 your total investment in research and development will mark a decline in spending of 2.1 percent in public institutions and of 0.7 per cent in enterprises, while there are no baseline data for the university. The institute also provides for the analysis of statistical data related to 2012 in the end it will show a change in the spending of 0.1 percent at current values ​​and a decrease of 1, 5 percent in real term, with increases investment of public institutions (+2.6 per cent) and university (+0.1 per cent), accompanied by a reduction in spending by non-profit institutions (-6.3 per cent) and even enterprises ( -0.1 per cent). These, however, were in 2011 the only ones to show an increase in spending on research and development, marking a 2.3 per cent.

Although in 2013, Istat provides a further decline in funds allocated to research and development, the Institute of Statistics reports that in 2011 the staff working full-time in research activities in our country amounts to 228 094 units, an increase of ‘1, 1 per cent over the previous year. In detail, this increase seems to affect mainly public institutions (+4.3 percent), universities (+2 percent) and businesses (+0.2 per cent), while there was a decline in private institutions non-profit (-11.1 per cent).

Always ISTAT data show that in 2011 there was also an increase in the number of researchers was 2.6 percent compared to 2010 (a total of 106 151 units). The increase is more pronounced in public institutions (+7.3 percent) and businesses (+3.9 per cent), slightly more than in the universities with 0.8 percent. The private non-profit institutions, however, there has been a decline (-11.1 percent).