The days before the entrance exam to the University are prone to nerves. Here are some good tips to overcome the challenge.

Selectivity characteristics of the test

The entrance examination to the University (PAU), popularly known as selectivity test is a test that must pass students who have completed high school and wish to enroll in some university. Since 2010 also can take the exam all students who have earned a bachelor’s Superior Training. The selectivity test consists of two phases. The first phase, compulsory, consists of four exams: three core subjects related to the second year of high school (Spanish Language, Foreign Language and History of Philosophy or History of Spain) and one on any of the materials of modality offered on the same course, freely chosen by the student. In the regions with their own language, the review also includes a discussion on this matter. The second part of the examination or specific part, is voluntary. The candidate can choose up to three subjects among which are studied in the second year of high school.

Enrollment in the entrance examinations to the University

The entrance exams are held in mid-June and September. Although the tests are regulated by state laws, the organization of these corresponds to the educational administration of the autonomous communities and public universities. The universities are responsible for preparing the exams and coordinate the development of evidence.


The enrollment period begins testing in the days immediately following the final evaluation of high school students, which usually coincides with the beginning of June. The enrollment is formalized in the same school where the student has studied the second year of high school. It is responsible for transmitting to college all the information on high school grades, which will, together with the entrance examination to determine the final grade of university entrance.

The choice of materials

The student who enrolls in the PAU should bear in mind the importance of choosing the most appropriate materials according to their capabilities and their plans for the future. You should note in particular that the materials chosen for testing in the specific phase are subject to a weighting that provides the university (the grade obtained in the examination is multiplied by a coefficient, different for each subject) and that Therefore, the same note in two different materials may impact unevenly on the final grade.

As a general rule, you should choose the specific phase materials in which students feel more capable and confident, as long as these matters are at that stage the maximum value in relation to the studies you want to follow later in the university . The scores obtained in different subjects in high school are a good indicator of the confidence we have about our performance in the examination of selectivity. Moreover, the coefficients that apply to the matters in terms of college who want to pursue are public and can be known through the websites of the universities.

Exercise Presentation

The entrance exams are usually corrected by secondary teachers. During the correction process, the exercises are anonymous, so the spelling does not know who is the author of the review. This facilitates the impartiality of the correction, but the student should be aware that the exercise will be corrected by a teacher or know Him and has given the subject. Therefore, take extreme clarity of exposure, prevent inappropriate value judgments and adjust the most in their responses to the statement of the questions.Each teacher is usually to correct a large number of tests and have a few days to do, so anything that facilitates the correction (legible, short paragraphs, underline key concepts, good spelling, cleaning in the presentation, etc.). favorably contribute to bias the mind of the corrector. It is always desirable to use scripts or drafts before writing the definitive answer examination papers and submit them sorted and numbered.

The request for review

The test scores are usually made public held a week after opening exercises and then a period, usually two or three days to submit applications for review. Applications are made in the university where he has conducted the review. It is important to inquire whether the request for review involves the possibility that the test again to be corrected and may therefore lead to a reduction of the note. Universities tend to admit the possibility, that the review is again corrected, as the review is limited to finding that there were no errors in the processing of the rating process and have respected the established evaluation criteria. In either case, the application must always be justified and have some merit. The best way to substantiate the claim is referred in the letter of application to the evaluation criteria of the subject considered misapplied. These criteria are public and accessible to them through the website of each university.

Calculation of the exam selectivity

The final grade of the examination of selectivity is the result of adding the note of the general phase and note the specific phase, if necessary. The note of the general phase is the weighted average of the grade obtained in the test (the average of the four required exams) and the average grade of high school (the average of all the materials of the two high school courses). The relative weight of the grade obtained in the test is forty percent, while the relative weight of the average high school is sixty percent. This note must be added the grade obtained in the two subjects in which the best score obtained in the specific phase, if it has been approved, multiplied by the corresponding coefficients. As seen, the algorithm is complicated, but universities often provide their websites in the calculation of the final grade applications use very simple.

The cut-off mark for access to certain studies and enrollment at the University

Once made ​​public the results of examinations, students must go to the centers in which they were enrolled in trials (schools and colleges) to collect relevant documentation and, with it, go on to college deadlines in which they wish to start their higher education . Some schools, in which the number of applicants exceeds the supply of university places, require a minimum grade to enroll. A typical example is that of medical schools, where every year the student demand overwhelms the supply of places available. In that case, the enrollment process can be extended during the summer, pending developments in the lists prepared by the different universities.

In summary, the selectivity is not as fierce as they paint

It is never appropriate to meet the challenges in the spirit too relaxed. A healthy tension we have important coping with the utmost vigor. But we must realize that the annoying selectivity test is simply a test of maturity, which we will have to prove in three days, the knowledge we have gained a long time. If during the school year we have done our job and we have applied, it is difficult to get out selectivity badly. If, however, during those years we have spared no effort, it is also difficult for the selectivity surprise us with extraordinary results. More than ninety percent of cases, the final note of university entrance moves within a point above or below the mean score obtained in high school. Therefore, not cundan nerves and that this final effort will be rewarded justly. Courage and good luck.