The American Education Systems
International students who come to the United States asked about the educational background of their peers in the United States. Due to local variations, the American education system appears confusing. Moreover, the structure and procedures of American universities may differ from other systems, such as the British model. This is a brief overview of the school and university systems in the United States. Lets talk about The American Education Systems.
To begin with, as the country has a federal system of government that has historically valued local government, there is no educational system or curriculum nationwide in the United States. The federal government does not govern public schools. Each of the fifty states has its own Department of Education that sets guidelines for schools in that particular state. Public schools also receive state funding, even though most of the funds come from local property tax. Schools of higher education and public universities receive funding from the state where they are located. Each state legislature decides how much tax money will be awarded to schools colleges and universities. Students from 1st to 12th school year do not pay tuition and students in higher education and university pay tuition, but many earn scholarships or receive loans.
Most of the control of public schools lies in the hands of each local school district. Each school district is governed by a school council, a small group of people elected by the local community or appointed by the local government. The school board sets general policies of the school district and ensures that state guidelines are met.
Generally, school districts are divided into elementary, middle and high / high school schools. Elementary schools are composed of students in kindergarten and 1st to 6th grade. Many children attend kindergarten from the age of five and began the first grade at six years of age. High school is composed of students from 6th to 8th grade and high school / high school has the 9th to 12th year.
High school students / high school must take a variety of courses in English, math, science and social sciences. It is also required to take foreign idiom as physical education and so can also take courses in music and art. Many high / high schools also offer vocational training courses. A course can be covered in one or two semesters and the academic year usually begins in late August and ends in early June.
In the United States, education is compulsory for all pupils up to the age of sixteen. According to the United States Census Bureau, 85% of students graduate from high school / high school and most of these students graduate at the age of seventeen or eighteen. A student graduates after successful completion of all required courses. Students receive their course grades at the end of each semester. The grading scale is A (excellent / outstanding), B (above average / outstanding), C (average / pass / well), D (below average / enough), and F (fail / suspended / insufficient). A student who fails (suspended) a required course have to take it again.
In 1970, nearly half of all American students who graduated from high school / high school attending a school of higher education or university. Today, about three-quarters of students who graduate from high school / high school attending a school of higher education or university. Students have the option of attending a school of higher education in two years, known in the US as a community college or junior college before attending a four-year university. Enter a school of higher education (community college) is much easier, tuition is lower and the group size is often smaller than in college. Higher education students can get an associate degree, also known as associate degree and then transfer their credits to a university.