The classification of Shanghai in China’s education
The Shanghai ranking is first appeared in 2003, and was created by four university professors Jia Tong in China . The success of their classification was published once as he finished up doing around the world in just a few months, which has led teachers to continue the experience in dealing with this success, and to update all year in August.
Based on criteria that its creators have tried representative of the level of a university, this classification is still criticized by the fact that it highlights the research conducted in universities at the expense of the quality of teaching. Thus, the logic that the university has more resources, more she finds herself near the top of the rankings. Shanghai ranking should give you an indication of the size and reputation of a university, but in no case the quality of education that is enacted!
Favorites of the Shanghai rankings:
With nearly 54 universities ranked in the top 100, the United States dominates the rankings far. Then follow the English universities with 11 institutions have found their place in the top 100. Then comes Germany, Japan. Arrangement Structure that universities belonging to the Anglo-Saxon world are preferred over other universities in other countries, which does not fail to grind some teeth, especially in countries of the European Union.
However, the Shanghai ranking is a ranking on which he will take in the future because it is taken into account by countries around the world. many governments are beginning to change the structure of their education to improve their position in this classification, including France and Germany. It has therefore become a major power and influence in the world of education.
The Shanghai ranking: Why France Is miscategorized?
The major issue raised by this classification is that research takes up too much in the various criteria. It is even more critical in France related to the search system does not match the mold established by the classification criteria, and as a result most French universities are misclassified. Three universities are part of the top 100 in 2010, 22 of the top 500, which places France in 6th position in the EU, behind the United States , Germany, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and the Netherlands.
They exist three principals factors that penalize France in these rankings. Firstly, the research is not fully carried out in universities, but largely at the CNRS, which is not a university. Second, the ranking takes into account the above publications in the English-speaking world, while the majority of French researchers publish in France! Finally, several French laboratories dedicated to research prefer to keep their independence, and when they appear in publications, do so only under the name of the laboratory, not a university.