History of University of Cambridge
According to legend, Cambridge was founded in 1209 by scholars escaping Oxford after a dispute with local leaders. However, the college is the oldest surviving in Cambridge is Peterhouse, founded in 1284. It was in 1318 that the university obtained from Pope John XXII the right to award degrees. Cambridge means “Bridge Cam” which is the river that runs through the city. Unlike Oxford, where the city preceded the university city of Cambridge did not exist at the time of the creation of the University. That’s why it’s quite nice to be studied, because to go to college instead of the study, it is very common to go through the parks and fields where you can still see the livestock.
The first college to be created is the Peterhouse in 1284 by Hugh Balsham (in), Bishop of Ely. Many colleges were created in the xiv th and xv th centuries, but others will be created later, to this day. The newest school Robinson, built in the 1970s. In 2004, some newspapers reported that the University was studying the possibility of adding three new colleges, but the information was denied by Cambridge.
In the Middle Ages, colleges were created to allow students to pray for the salvation of their founders. For this reason they were often associated with chapels or abbeys. However, in 1536, in conjunction with the dissolution of the monasteries, King Henry VIII ordered the university to close its Faculty of Canon Law and to stop teaching the scholastic philosophy (religious education). This change directs the University away from the canon law and more towards the classic, the Bible and mathematics.
Called Tripos examinations leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts ( BA or BA – the first degree involving Cambridge Arts and Sciences). Although the university now offers courses in many fields, it was mainly focused on mathematics until xix th century and the study of this subject was compulsory for graduation. Students who received the honors of first place in mathematics are called wranglers. The Tripos in mathematics was extremely played and contributed to the emergence of some very famous names in the world of science in England, as Kelvin, Stokes and Maxwell.
However, some students known as Hardy disliked the system, thinking that students were more interested in the accumulation of honors and awards rather than the subject itself. Despite the diversification of research topics and teaching, Cambridge keeps its predominance mathematics. The Isaac Newton Institute, part of the university, is regarded as the national research institute in mathematics and theoretical physics.